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Conf Proc IEEE Eng Med Biol Soc. 2012;2012:4466-9. doi: 10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346958.

Architecture design of the multi-functional wavelet-based ECG microprocessor for realtime detection of abnormal cardiac events.

Author information

1
DSP/IC Design Lab, Graduate Institute of Electronics Engineering, National Taiwan University, Taiwan. fannycube@video.ee.ntu.edu.tw

Abstract

Most of the abnormal cardiac events such as myocardial ischemia, acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and fatal arrhythmia can be diagnosed through continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) analysis. According to recent clinical research, early detection and alarming of such cardiac events can reduce the time delay to the hospital, and the clinical outcomes of these individuals can be greatly improved. Therefore, it would be helpful if there is a long-term ECG monitoring system with the ability to identify abnormal cardiac events and provide realtime warning for the users. The combination of the wireless body area sensor network (BASN) and the on-sensor ECG processor is a possible solution for this application. In this paper, we aim to design and implement a digital signal processor that is suitable for continuous ECG monitoring and alarming based on the continuous wavelet transform (CWT) through the proposed architectures--using both programmable RISC processor and application specific integrated circuits (ASIC) for performance optimization. According to the implementation results, the power consumption of the proposed processor integrated with an ASIC for CWT computation is only 79.4 mW. Compared with the single-RISC processor, about 91.6% of the power reduction is achieved.

PMID:
23366919
DOI:
10.1109/EMBC.2012.6346958
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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