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Kidney Int. 2013 Feb;83(2):189-91. doi: 10.1038/ki.2012.418.

Prediction of renal end points in chronic kidney disease.

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Veterans Affairs Saint Louis Health Care System, Saint Louis, Missouri 63106, USA.


Estimated glomerular filtration rate and albuminuria are dominant clinical predictors of renal outcomes in chronic kidney disease. Wong and collaborators report that BMP-7 and transforming growth factor-β1 improve risk discrimination for renal end points in type 2 diabetes. However, to develop predictive models, clearly defined, clinically meaningful, validated end points must be used. End-stage renal disease and kidney transplantation remain the most definitive renal end points, whereas doubling of serum creatinine and death from renal disease lack rigor.

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