Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
BMC Infect Dis. 2013 Jan 30;13:53. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-13-53.

A cross sectional study of HPV type prevalence according to age and cytology.

Author information

1
Department of Virology, G, Papanikolaou Research Center of Oncology and Experimental Surgery, Regional Anticancer Oncology Hospital of Athens St, Savvas, 171 Alexandras Avenue, 11522, Athens, Greece.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

A cross sectional study to investigate HPV prevalence according to age and cytology.

METHODS:

Women presenting to a gynaecological outpatient clinic for a Pap smear test were included in the study (n=3177). All women had cervical cytology and HPV testing.

RESULTS:

Overall prevalence of any 24 HPV type analysed was 33.1% (95% CI 31.5% to 34.7%) and HPV 16 and HPV 42 were the most frequent (6.7% (95% CI 5.8% to 7.6%), 6.8% (95% CI 5.9% to 7.6%)), in total samples. Multiple HPV infection rate was 12.9% (95% CI 11.8% to 14.1%). High risk HPV (hrHPV) types were present in 27.4% (95% CI 25.8% to 28.9%) of the samples.HPV prevalence was highest among 14 to 19 y.o (46.6% (95% CI 40.7%-52.4%)) and second highest among 30-34 y.o. (39.7%, 95% CI 35.4%-44%). HPV 16 was highest among 20-24 (9.0% (95% CI 6.4%-11.6%)) and second highest among 50 to 54 y.o. (6.3% (95% CI 2.9% to 9.8%).In Low-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (LgSIL) cytology samples, the most frequently detected hrHPV types were: 16 (14.5% (95% CI 12.1% to 16.9%)), 51 (13.0% (95% CI 10.7% to 15.3%)) and 53 (9.1% (95% CI 7.2% to 11.1%)) and in High-grade Squamous Intraepithelial Lesions (HgSIL) were: HPV 16 (37.2% (95% CI 26.5% to 47.9%)), HPV 51 (17.9% (95% CI 9.4% to 26.5%)) and HPV 18 (12.8% (95% CI 5.4% to 20.2%)).

CONCLUSIONS:

In the population studied, HPV 16 and 51 were the most frequent detected hrHPV types. HPV positivity, hrHPV and multiple HPV types infections were higher in young women, while HPV prevalence declined with increasing age and presented two peaks a higher (14-19 y.o.) and a lower one (30-34 y.o.) These results may contribute to the creation of a national screening programme.

PMID:
23363541
PMCID:
PMC3575232
DOI:
10.1186/1471-2334-13-53
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for BioMed Central Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center