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Optom Vis Sci. 1990 Feb;67(2):74-9.

Effect of target proximity on the open-loop accommodative response.

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Schnurmacher Institute for Vision Research, SUNY/State College of Optometry, New York.


Proximal stimuli to accommodation were assessed by comparing the open-loop accommodative responses (AR's) to stimuli placed at viewing distances of 5 m (0.2 D) and 0.33 m (3D) in 10 late-onset myopes (LOM's) and 10 emmetropes. The accommodation and vergence loops were opened by subjects viewing targets monocularly through 0.5-mm pinholes. Pre- and post-task levels of tonic accommodation (TA) were used to assess the accommodative adaptation induced by the task. For the 0.2 D condition there was no significant difference between pre-task TA, within-task AR, or post-task TA, indicating that accommodation was open-loop throughout this distal condition. When viewing the 3 D target both refractive groups exhibited significant increases in AR, emmetropes showing higher levels of proximally induced accommodation (PIA) when compared with LOM's. The data indicate that target proximity will influence AR even when both blur and vergence cues have been stabilized.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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