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Arch Environ Contam Toxicol. 2013 May;64(4):537-44. doi: 10.1007/s00244-012-9867-z. Epub 2013 Jan 30.

Availability of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, And Cr) in agriculture from commercial fertilizers.

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  • 1Western Paraná State University, Pernambuco Street 1777, Marechal Cândido Rondon, 85960-000, Brazil. herbertnacke@hotmail.com

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to investigate the availability of the heavy metals cadmium (Cd), lead (Pb), and chromium (Cr) to soil and maize plants fertilized with different sources and doses of zinc (Zn) in a Rhodic Eutrudox soil. For that purpose, concentrations of Cd, Pb, and Cr were evaluated in leaf tissue and grains of maize plants and in 0-20 and 20-40 cm soil layers after fertilization with four doses of Zn from eight different sources of fertilizer. There was no accumulation of Cd, Pb, and Cr in maize grain and Cd and Cr in leaf tissue of the plants; nevertheless, there was accumulation of Pb in leaf tissue, showing its availability throughout different sources of Zn and consequent uptake by plants. Regarding the soil, it was observed that fertilizer from the different sources made Cd, Pb, and Cr available at increasing amounts proportional to increased Zn doses. Under experimental conditions, fertilization with Zn increased concentrations of heavy metals Cd, Pb and Cr in soil, further highlighting the importance of conducting more studies related to the application of mineral fertilizers for micronutrient supply and the availability of heavy metals.

PMID:
23361451
DOI:
10.1007/s00244-012-9867-z
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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