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Tissue Eng Part A. 2013 Jun;19(11-12):1443-50. doi: 10.1089/ten.TEA.2012.0645. Epub 2013 Apr 4.

The effect of IGF-I on anatomically shaped tissue-engineered menisci.

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1
Department of Biomedical Engineering, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York 14853, USA.

Abstract

This study investigates the effect of insulin-like growth factor (IGF)-I on the development of anatomically-shaped alginate menisci seeded with meniscal fibrochondrocytes. To accomplish this, bovine meniscal fibrochondrocytes were seeded into 2% w/v alginate, crosslinked with calcium sulfate, and injected into anatomical molds derived from microcomputed tomography scans. The meniscal constructs were then cultured for up to 4 weeks with or without 100 ng/mL IGF-I supplemented in the media. Histological, immunohistological, biochemical, and mechanical analyses were performed to characterize tissue development, accumulation and localization of extracellular matrix, and mechanical properties. After 4 weeks of culture, IGF-I treatment significantly improved mechanical and biochemical properties, while maintaining DNA content, with a 26-fold increase in glycosaminoglycan (GAG) content and 10-fold increase in collagen content compared to 0-week controls, and a 3-fold increase in the equilibrium modulus at 2 weeks compared to controls. IGF-I-treated menisci had ∼60% of the GAG content of native tissue and the compressive equilibrium modulus matched native properties by 2 weeks of culture. Further, IGF-I-treated menisci developed a distinct surface layer similar to native tissue with elongated cells and collagen fibers aligned parallel to the surface, the presence of types I and II collagen, and accumulation of lubricin. This study demonstrates that IGF-I treatment can greatly increase the mechanical and biochemical properties of engineered tissues and aid in the development of a distinct surface zone similar to the superficial zone of native menisci.

PMID:
23360441
DOI:
10.1089/ten.TEA.2012.0645
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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