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J Indian Med Assoc. 2012 May;110(5):287-91.

How do school girls deal with dysmenorrhoea?

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Department of Community Medicine, PGIMER, Chandigarh 160012.


To estimate the prevalence of primary dysmenorrhoea among the school girls, to determine its impact on their routine life and to ascertain the practices adopted by them for management of primary dysmenorrhoea, a cross-sectional study was conducted in two schools of Chandigarh, India. Two hundred twenty-four school girls in the standard VIII to X of the selected schools, who had attained menarche, were included in the study. A modified menstrual distress questionnaire was used to score the severity of dysmenorrhoea and its impact on their life. Visual analogue scale for pain was used to measure pain during menstruation. Analysis was done by percentage, mean and standard deviation. Prevalence of dysmenorrhoea was 59.82%. Sickness absenteeism due to dysmenorrhoea was reported in 25.8% girls. According to visual analogue scale for pain scoring, 52.3% had moderate pain and 25% cases had severe pain. Menstrual distress questionnaire scores showed mood swings, irritability, difficulty in concentrating, poor school performances were common problems; 8.6% of the study population went for physicians' consultation, 15.6% took painkillers, 12.5% used hot water bottles, 3.1% practised exercise, 26.6% practised dietary modifications for reducing pain. Most of the cases were partially or completely relieved by these measures. Dysmenorrhoea is rapidly developing as a public health problem with its high prevalence, the degree of discomfort felt by the sufferer as well as the reduction in their quality of life. School based counselling of the suffering girls can be useful for empowering them with different options for managing their menstrual pain.

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