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PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e54512. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0054512. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

Determination of vascular dementia brain in distinct frequency bands with whole brain functional connectivity patterns.

Author information

1
Center for Studies of Psychological Application, Guangdong Key Laboratory of Mental Health and Cognitive Science, School of Psychology, South China Normal University, Guangzhou, PR China.

Erratum in

  • PLoS One. 2013;8(6). doi:0.1371/annotation/f1fda637-4c81-4e7e-948e-12ffd833c352.

Abstract

Recent studies have shown that multivariate pattern analysis (MVPA) can be useful for distinguishing brain disorders into categories. Such analyses can substantially enrich and facilitate clinical diagnoses. Using MPVA methods, whole brain functional networks, especially those derived using different frequency windows, can be applied to detect brain states. We constructed whole brain functional networks for groups of vascular dementia (VaD) patients and controls using resting state BOLD-fMRI (rsfMRI) data from three frequency bands - slow-5 (0.01 ≈ 0.027 Hz), slow-4 (0.027∼0.073 Hz), and whole-band (0.01 ≈ 0.073 Hz). Then we used the support vector machine (SVM), a type of MVPA classifier, to determine the patterns of functional connectivity. Our results showed that the brain functional networks derived from rsfMRI data (19 VaD patients and 20 controls) in these three frequency bands appear to reflect neurobiological changes in VaD patients. Such differences could be used to differentiate the brain states of VaD patients from those of healthy individuals. We also found that the functional connectivity patterns of the human brain in the three frequency bands differed, as did their ability to differentiate brain states. Specifically, the ability of the functional connectivity pattern to differentiate VaD brains from healthy ones was more efficient in the slow-5 (0.01 ≈ 0.027 Hz) band than in the other two frequency bands. Our findings suggest that the MVPA approach could be used to detect abnormalities in the functional connectivity of VaD patients in distinct frequency bands. Identifying such abnormalities may contribute to our understanding of the pathogenesis of VaD.

PMID:
23359801
PMCID:
PMC3554744
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0054512
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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