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J Pediatr Psychol. 2013 Jul;38(6):638-48. doi: 10.1093/jpepsy/jss132. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

Motivational Enhancement System for Adherence (MESA): pilot randomized trial of a brief computer-delivered prevention intervention for youth initiating antiretroviral treatment.

Author information

1
Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, MI, USA. snaarkin@med.wayne.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To pilot test a two-session computer-delivered motivational intervention to facilitate adherence among youth with HIV newly prescribed antiretroviral treatment (ART).

METHODS:

Youth (N = 76) newly prescribed ART were recruited from 8 sites, and were randomized to the intervention or an active nutrition and physical activity control. Primary outcomes were HIV-1 viral load at baseline, 3 months, and 6 months, and self-reported adherence at 3 and 6 months.

RESULTS:

Satisfaction ratings were high. Effect sizes suggested that the intervention group showed a greater drop than controls in viral load from baseline to 6 months (Cohen's d = 0.39 at 3 months; d = 0.19 at 6 months), and had greater percent undetectable by 6 months (d = 0.28). Effects sizes were medium to large for 7-day and weekend adherence.

CONCLUSIONS:

A brief computer-delivered motivational intervention showed promise for youth starting ART and is ready to be tested in a full-scale clinical trial.

KEYWORDS:

HIV; adherence; adolescent; eHealth

PMID:
23359664
PMCID:
PMC3701125
DOI:
10.1093/jpepsy/jss132
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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