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Pediatrics. 2013 Feb;131(2):391-6. doi: 10.1542/peds.2012-3543. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

Infant feeding and transmission of human immunodeficiency virus in the United States.


Physicians caring for infants born to women infected with HIV are likely to be involved in providing guidance to HIV-infected mothers on appropriate infant feeding practices. It is critical that physicians are aware of the HIV transmission risk from human milk and the current recommendations for feeding HIV-exposed infants in the United States. Because the only intervention to completely prevent HIV transmission via human milk is not to breastfeed, in the United States, where clean water and affordable replacement feeding are available, the American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that HIV-infected mothers not breastfeed their infants, regardless of maternal viral load and antiretroviral therapy.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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