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Diabetes Care. 2013 Jul;36(7):2062-9. doi: 10.2337/dc12-1535. Epub 2013 Jan 28.

GLP-1 action and glucose tolerance in subjects with remission of type 2 diabetes after gastric bypass surgery.

Author information

1
Obesity Unit, Hospital Clinic Universitari, Barcelona, Spain.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Glucagon like peptide-1 (GLP-1) has been suggested as a major factor for the improved glucose tolerance ensuing after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) surgery. We examined the effect of blocking endogenous GLP-1 action on glucose tolerance in subjects with sustained remission of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) present before RYGBP.

RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS:

Blood glucose, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon, GLP-1, and glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide levels were measured after a meal challenge with either exendin-(9-39) (a GLP-1r antagonist) or saline infusion in eight subjects with sustained remission of T2DM after RYGBP and seven healthy controls.

RESULTS:

Infusion of exendin-(9-39) resulted in marginal deterioration of the 2-h plasma glucose after meal intake in RYGBP subjects [saline 78.4 ± 15.1 mg/dL compared with exendin-(9-39) 116.5 ± 22.3 mg/dL; P < 0.001]. Furthermore, glucose response to meal intake was similarly enlarged in the two study groups [percent change in the area under the curve of glucose exendin-(9-39) infusion versus saline infusion: controls 10.84 ± 8.8% versus RYGBP 9.94 ± 8.4%; P = 0.884]. In the RYGBP group, the blockade of the enlarged GLP-1 response to meal intake resulted in reduced insulin (P = 0.001) and C-peptide (P < 0.001), but no change in glucagon (P = 0.258) responses.

CONCLUSIONS:

The limited deterioration of glucose tolerance on blockade of GLP-1 action in our study suggests the resolution of T2DM after RYGBP may be explained by mechanisms beyond enhancement of GLP-1 action.

PMID:
23359363
PMCID:
PMC3687297
DOI:
10.2337/dc12-1535
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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