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Respir Physiol Neurobiol. 2013 Apr 1;186(2):180-7. doi: 10.1016/j.resp.2013.01.012. Epub 2013 Jan 26.

Estimated contribution of hemoglobin and myoglobin to near infrared spectroscopy.

Author information

1
Human Exercise Physiology Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, 1A Natatorium, Kansas State University, Manhattan, KS 66506-0302, USA.

Abstract

We calculated the light absorbing potential (LAP) of hemoglobin (Hb) and myoglobin (Mb) in mammalian skeletal muscle at rest based on analysis of published chemical and morphometric data (Part 1), interpreted changes in total[Hb+Mb] from NIRS during exercise (Part 2), and estimated the potential contribution of Hb and Mb to changes in NIRS from rest to exercise (Part 3). Part 1: [Hb] in skeletal muscle was estimated from microvascular volume, systemic blood [Hb], and microvascular hematocrit and saturation at rest and during exercise. Part 2: Changes in total[Hb+Mb] (as t[Hb+Mb]) during cycling or knee extension exercise were interpreted using the results of Part 1. Part 3: Using estimates of mean microvascular PO2, Hb and Mb contribution at peak exercise was estimated. Across several species, [Mb] contributed ∼50-70% of the total LAP to NIRS at rest in skeletal muscle. With exercise, increases in t[Hb+Mb] of up to 30% could be entirely explained by the predicted increase in microvascular hematocrit with exercise. Finally, Mb was estimated to contribute ∼70% of the changes in NIRS from rest to peak exercise.

PMID:
23357615
DOI:
10.1016/j.resp.2013.01.012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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