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Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol. 2013 Apr 1;304(7):H946-53. doi: 10.1152/ajpheart.00822.2012. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

Intraventricular and interventricular cellular heterogeneity of inotropic responses to α(1)-adrenergic stimulation.

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1
Veterans Affairs Medical Center, San Francisco, CA 94121, USA.

Abstract

α1-Adrenergic receptors (α1-ARs) elicit a negative inotropic effect (NIE) in the mouse right ventricular (RV) myocardium but a positive inotropic effect (PIE) in the left ventricular (LV) myocardium. Effects on myofilament Ca(2+) sensitivity play a role, but effects on Ca(2+) handling could also contribute. We monitored the effects of α1-AR stimulation on contraction and Ca(2+) transients using single myocytes isolated from the RV or LV. Interestingly, for both the RV and LV, we found heterogeneous myocyte inotropic responses. α1-ARs mediated either a PIE or NIE, although RV myocytes had a greater proportion of cells manifesting a NIE (68%) compared with LV myocytes (36%). Stimulation of a single α1-AR subtype (α1A-ARs) with a subtype-selective agonist also elicited heterogeneous inotropic responses, suggesting that the heterogeneity arose from events downstream of the α1A-AR subtype. For RV and LV myocytes, an α1-AR-mediated PIE was associated with an increased Ca(2+) transient and a NIE was associated with a decreased Ca(2+) transient, suggesting a key role for Ca(2+) handling. For RV and LV myocytes, α1-AR-mediated decreases in the Ca(2+) transient were associated with increased Ca(2+) export from the cell and decreased Ca(2+) content of the sarcoplasmic reticulum. In contrast, for myocytes with α1-AR-induced increased Ca(2+) transients, sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) content was not increased, suggesting that other mechanisms contributed to the increased Ca(2+) transients. This study demonstrates the marked heterogeneity of LV and RV cellular inotropic responses to stimulation of α1-ARs and reveals a new aspect of biological heterogeneity among myocytes in the regulation of contraction.

PMID:
23355341
PMCID:
PMC3625891
DOI:
10.1152/ajpheart.00822.2012
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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