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J Clin Immunol. 2013 May;33(4):788-97. doi: 10.1007/s10875-013-9868-3. Epub 2013 Jan 25.

The DC-SIGNR 7/5 genotype is associated with high dendritic cell counts and their subsets in patients infected with HIV-1.

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Department of Biochemistry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110029, India.



The aim of this study was to assess peripheral blood dendritic cell (DC) frequencies and Dendritic Cell-specific intracellular adhesion molecule 3 grabbing non-integrin related (DC-SIGNR) genotyping in healthy individuals, injecting drug users and HIV-1 infected individuals and correlate with different clinical parameters from north India.


Blood from 30 seronegative healthy individuals, 30 injecting drug users, and 30 patients infected with HIV-1 from North India were collected. Peripheral blood DC frequencies were determined by flow cytometry and repeat region polymorphism in DC-SIGNR was performed by PCR.


There was a significantly lower number of DCs and their subsets in patients infected with HIV-1 compared to injecting drug users and healthy individuals. A significant positive correlation of DCs and their subsets with CD4(+) T cells and negative correlation with HIV-1 viral load was found. A salient finding of this study was the association of the heterozygous 7/5 DC-SIGNR genotypes with higher percentage of DCs and their subsets and higher CD4(+) T cell counts and lower viral load compared to the homozygous 7/7 DC-SIGNR genotypes in patients infected with HIV-1.


This is the first study to assess the DC subsets and its association with DC-SIGNR polymorphism in injecting drug users and HIV-1 infected patients and suggests the protective role of 7/5 DC-SIGNR genotypes in HIV-1 infection.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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