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Biochimie. 2013 Jun;95(6):1185-95. doi: 10.1016/j.biochi.2013.01.006. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Evidence of different G-quadruplex DNA binding with biogenic polyamines probed by electrospray ionization-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry, circular dichroism and atomic force microscopy.

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Analytical & Testing Center of Beijing Normal University, Xinjiekouwaidajie No. 19, Beijing 100875, People's Republic of China.


The binding properties of five G-quadruplex oligonucleotides (humtel24, k-ras32, c-myc22, c-kit1 and c-kit2) with polyamines have been investigated by electrospray ionization-quadrupole time of flight mass spectrometry, circular dichroism, melting temperature, atomic force microscopy (AFM) and molecular simulation. The MS results demonstrated that the polyamines and G-quadruplex DNA can form complexes with high affinity, and one molecule of G-quadruplex DNA can combine several molecules (1-5) of polyamines. The binding affinities of the polyamines to DNA were in the order of spermine > spermidine > putrescine. After binding with polyamines, the conformations of the G-quadruplex DNA were significantly changed, and spermine can induce the configurations of k-ras32 and c-kit1 to deviate from their G-quadruplex structures at high concentrations. In the presence of K(+), the conformations of G-quadruplex DNA were stabilized, while polyamines can also induced alterations of their configurations. Melting temperature experiments suggested that the Tm of the DNA-polyamine complexes obviously increased both in the absence and presence of K(+). The AFM results indicated that polyamines can induce aggregation of G-quadruplex DNA. Above results illustrated that the polyamines bound with the phosphate backbone and the base-pairs of G-quadruplex structures. Combining with the molecular simulation, the binding mode of the G-quadruplex DNA and polyamines were discussed. The results obtained would be beneficial for understanding the biological and physiological functions of polyamines and provide useful information for development of antitumor drugs.

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