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J AAPOS. 2013 Feb;17(1):89-93. doi: 10.1016/j.jaapos.2012.10.018. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

New insights into amblyopia: binocular therapy and noninvasive brain stimulation.

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McGill Vision Research, Department of Ophthalmology, McGill University, Canada.


The current approach to the treatment of amblyopia is problematic for a number of reasons. First, it promotes recovery of monocular vision but because it is not designed to promote binocularity, its binocular outcomes often are disappointing. Second, compliance is poor and variable. Third, the effectiveness of the treatment is thought to decrease with increasing age. We discuss 2 new approaches aimed at recovering visual function in adults with amblyopia. The first is a binocular approach to amblyopia treatment that is showing promise in initial clinical studies. The second is still in development and involves the use of well-established noninvasive brain stimulation techniques to temporarily alter the balance of excitation and inhibition in the visual cortex.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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