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Neuron. 2013 Jan 23;77(2):274-87. doi: 10.1016/j.neuron.2012.11.013.

Voltage-sensing domain of voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 shares mechanism of block with pore domains.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology and Biophysics, University of California, Irvine, CA 92697, USA.

Abstract

Voltage-gated sodium, potassium, and calcium channels are made of a pore domain (PD) controlled by four voltage-sensing domains (VSDs). The PD contains the ion permeation pathway and the activation gate located on the intracellular side of the membrane. A large number of small molecules are known to inhibit the PD by acting as open channel blockers. The voltage-gated proton channel Hv1 is made of two VSDs and lacks the PD. The location of the activation gate in the VSD is unknown and open channel blockers for VSDs have not yet been identified. Here, we describe a class of small molecules which act as open channel blockers on the Hv1 VSD and find that a highly conserved phenylalanine in the charge transfer center of the VSD plays a key role in blocker binding. We then use one of the blockers to show that Hv1 contains two intracellular and allosterically coupled gates.

PMID:
23352164
PMCID:
PMC3559007
DOI:
10.1016/j.neuron.2012.11.013
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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