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PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53926. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053926. Epub 2013 Jan 22.

Antigenic proteins involved in occupational rhinitis and asthma caused by obeche wood (Triplochiton scleroxylon).

Author information

1
Allergy Research Laboratory, Carlos Haya Hospital, Málaga, Spain.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Obeche wood dust is a known cause of occupational asthma where an IgE-mediated mechanism has been demonstrated.

OBJECTIVE:

To characterize the allergenic profile of obeche wood dust and evaluate the reactivity of the proteins by in vitro, ex vivo and in vivo assays in carpenters with confirmed rhinitis and/or asthma

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

An in-house obeche extract was obtained, and two IgE binding bands were purified (24 and 12 kDa) and sequenced by N-terminal identity. Specific IgE and IgG, basophil activation tests and skin prick tests (SPTs) were performed with whole extract and purified proteins. CCD binding was analyzed by ELISA inhibition studies.

RESULTS:

Sixty-two subjects participated: 12 with confirmed occupational asthma/rhinitis (ORA+), 40 asymptomatic exposed (ORA-), and 10 controls. Of the confirmed subjects, 83% had a positive SPT to obeche. There was a 100% recognition by ELISA in symptomatic subjects vs. 30% and 10% in asymptomatic exposed subjects and controls respectively (p<0.05). Two new proteins were purified, a 24 kDa protein identified as a putative thaumatin-like protein and a 12 kDa gamma-expansin. Both showed allergenic activity in vitro, with the putative thaumatin being the most active, with 92% recognition by ELISA and 100% by basophil activation test in ORA+ subjects. Cross-reactivity due to CCD was ruled out in 82% of cases.

CONCLUSIONS:

Two proteins of obeche wood were identified and were recognized by a high percentage of symptomatic subjects and by a small proportion of asymptomatic exposed subjects. Further studies are required to evaluate cross reactivity with other plant allergens.

PMID:
23349765
PMCID:
PMC3551955
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0053926
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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