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Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2013 Aug;23(4):378-87. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Oral creatine supplementation augments the repeated bout effect.

Author information

1
Laboratory of Physiology and Biokinetic, Universidade Iguacu, Itaperuna, Brazil.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

We examined the effects of creatine supplementation on the response to repeated bouts of resistance exercise.

METHODS:

Young men (24.1 ± 5.2 yr) were divided into Creatine (CM, n = 9) and Placebo (PL, n = 9) groups. On day (D) 1 and D15, subjects performed four sets of bicep curls at 75% 1-RM to concentric failure. On D8-D13, subjects consumed either 20g/d creatine monohydrate or placebo. Muscle soreness and elbow joint range of motion (ROM) were assessed on D1-D5 and D15-D19. Serum creatine kinase activity (CK) was assessed on D1, D3, D5, D15, D17, and D19.

RESULTS:

The first exercise bout produced increases in muscle soreness and CK, and decreases in ROM in both groups (p < .001). The second bout produced lesser rises in serum CK, muscle soreness, and a lesser decrease in ROM (bout effect, p < .01 for all), with greater attenuation of these damage markers in CM than PL. CK levels on D17 were lower (+110% over D15 for CM vs. +343% for PL), muscle soreness from D15-19 was lower (-75% for CM vs. -56% for PL compared with first bout), and elbow ROM was decreased in PL, but not CM on D16 (p < .05 for all).

CONCLUSIONS:

Creatine supplementation provides an additive effect on blunting the rise of muscle damage markers following a repeated bout of resistance exercise. The mechanism by which creatine augments the repeated bout effect is unknown but is likely due to a combination of creatine's multifaceted functions.

PMID:
23349298
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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