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Clin Oral Implants Res. 2014 Feb;25(2):185-93. doi: 10.1111/clr.12098. Epub 2013 Jan 24.

Effect of systemic antibiotics on clinical and patient-reported outcomes of implant therapy - a multicenter randomized controlled clinical trial.

Author information

1
National Dental Centre Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

To determine the effect of various systemic antibiotic prophylaxis regimes on patient-reported outcomes and postsurgical complications in patients undergoing conventional implant installation.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

Three hundred and twenty-nine healthy adults in need of conventional implant installation were randomly assigned to one of four groups: (i) preoperatively 2 g of amoxycillin 1 h before surgery (positive control, PC), (ii) postoperatively 2 g of amoxycillin immediately following surgery (test 1, T1), (iii) preoperatively 2 g of amoxycillin 1 h before and 500 mg thrice daily on days 2 and 3 after surgery (test 2, T2), (iv) preoperatively 2 g of placebo 1 h before surgery (negative control, NC). Subjects were examined clinically by blinded examiners over 8 weeks after implant installation. In addition, Visual Analogue Scales (VAS) for pain, swelling, bruising and bleeding were obtained over 14 days. ANOVA was performed for the VAS. Chi-square tests were applied for postsurgical complications.

RESULTS:

All VAS scores were low for all groups and decreased over time (P < 0.001). There were no significant differences for the VAS scores between the various groups at any time point (P > 0.05). There was only a significant difference in flap closure at week 4, where NC had 5% of the subjects not achieving complete wound closure compared to 0% for the three other groups (P = 0.01), with no other significant differences for any postsurgical complications (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION:

For standard single implant placement, prophylactic systemic antibiotics either before or after, or before and after the surgical procedure do not improve patient-reported outcomes or prevalence of postsurgical complications.

KEYWORDS:

complications; dental implants; failures; implant dentistry; patient-reported outcomes; success; survival; systemic antibiotics

PMID:
23347336
DOI:
10.1111/clr.12098
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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