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J Anim Sci. 2013 Apr;91(4):1831-7. doi: 10.2527/jas.2012-5724. Epub 2013 Jan 23.

Effects of vaccination on the acute-phase protein response and measures of performance in growing beef calves.

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University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Range Cattle Research and Education Center, Ona 33865, USA.


Two experiments were conducted to evaluate the influence of vaccination on the acute-phase protein (APP) reaction (Exp. 1 and 2) and measures of performance (Exp. 2) in growing beef calves. In Exp. 1, the APP reaction was assessed in newly weaned steers administered 1 of 3 treatments (n = 8 steers/treatment), consisting of 1) Mannheimia haemolytica vaccine (One Shot; Pfizer Inc., New York, NY), 2) Clostridium vaccine (UltraBac 7; Pfizer, Inc.), or 3) saline-injected control. Blood samples for the evaluation of APP concentrations were collected on d 0, 1, 3, 5, 7, 10, and 14 and steer BW measured on d 0 and 21 relative to treatment administration. Plasma concentrations of haptoglobin (Hp) increased (P < 0.05) in vaccinated but not control calves and reached a peak on d 3 and 5 for steers receiving Mannheimia haemolytica and Clostridium vaccine, respectively. Plasma concentrations of ceruloplasmin (Cp) and fibrinogen (Fb) increased (P < 0.05) in all calves after treatment administration and Fb concentrations were greatest (P < 0.01) in calves receiving Mannheimia haemolytica vaccine on d 3 and 5 compared with the other treatments. There were no treatment effects (P = 0.44) on 21-d steer ADG (0.43 kg/d; SEM = 0.082). In Exp. 2, 23 heifers were randomly assigned to 2 treatments: 1) vaccinated (Mannheimia haemolytica vaccine (One Shot; n = 12) and 2) saline control (n = 11). After vaccination, blood samples were collected for determination of APP concentrations on d 0, 3, 6, 9, 12, and 15. During this period, individual heifer DMI was measured using an automated feed intake measuring system (Model 4000E; GrowSafe Systems Ltd., Airdrie, Alberta, Canada). Initial and final shrunk BW did not differ (P > 0.36) among treatments. On d 1, plasma Cp concentrations increased (P < 0.01) sharply in vaccinated heifers but not control heifers and were greater (P < 0.05) in vaccinated vs. control heifers on d 3, 6, 9, and 12 relative to injection. Daily DMI did not differ (P = 0.66) among treatments (average = 9.1 kg/d; SEM = 0.34); however, ADG and G:F were greater (P ≤ 0.05) for control vs. vaccinated heifers (1.14 vs. 0.87 kg/d and 0.13 and 0.10 kg, respectively; SEM = 0.064 and 0.011). These data indicate that within a 2 wk period after vaccination, beef calves experience an acute-phase protein response, which may result in reduced ADG and feed efficiency.

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