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Hautarzt. 2013 Feb;64(2):88-92. doi: 10.1007/s00105-012-2449-1.

[Epidemiology of anaphylaxis].

[Article in German]

Author information

Klinik für Dermatologie, Venerologie und Allergologie, Allergie-Centrum-Charité, Charité-Universitätsmedizin Berlin.


Anaphylaxis is the most severe manifestation of a mast cell dependent hypersensitivity reaction. Recent data on epidemiology indicate that food and drug induced anaphylaxis has increased within the last years. The epidemiological data on anaphylaxis vary throughout the world as the overall incidence and also relevant elicitors depend on different endogenous, but also exogenous factors (e.g. ICD-code, life style, comorbidities). Data from the anaphylaxis registry has shown that venom, drugs and foods are the most frequent elicitors for anaphylaxis within German-speaking countries, while the ranking of the elicitors is age-dependent. Risk factors for anaphylaxis are comorbidities like asthma or mastocytosis or other circumstances, which can increase either the relative risk or the severity. Further risk factors are age, gender and the concomitant intake of drugs like ACE inhibitors or acetylsalicylic acid but also exercise. Data on the clinical epidemiology of anaphylaxis are essential to follow up the most frequent elicitors and risk factors over time and accumulate data about diagnostic and therapeutic procedures in patients suffering from a potential fatal manifestation of an IgE-dependent disease. The anaphylaxis registry within the German-speaking area achieved to provide data of the most frequent elicitors, risk factors and the medical treatment from affected individuals to optimize the management of patients with anaphylaxis.

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