Send to

Choose Destination
AIDS Res Hum Retroviruses. 2013 May;29(5):805-13. doi: 10.1089/AID.2012.0314. Epub 2013 Feb 26.

High percentage of recent HIV infection among HIV-positive individuals newly diagnosed at voluntary counseling and testing sites in Poland.

Collaborators (141)

Del Amo J, Meyer L, Bucher HC, Hamouda O, Pillay D, Prins M, Rosinska M, Sabin C, Touloumi G, Porter K, Olson A, Coughlin K, Walker S, Babiker A, Bucher HC, De Luca A, Fisher M, Muga R, Zangerle R, Kelleher T, Cooper D, Grey P, Finlayson R, Bloch M, Kelleher T, Ramacciotti T, Gelgor L, Cooper D, Smith D, Gill J, Ülikool T, Lutsar I, Dabis F, Thiebaut R, Masquelier B, Costagliola D, Guiguet M, Vanhems P, Chaix ML, Ghosn J, Meyer L, Boufassa F, Hamouda O, Kücherer C, Bartmeyer B, Gargalianos-Kakolyris P, Lazanas M, Touloumi G, Pantazis N, Katsarou O, Rezza G, Dorrucci M, d'Arminio Monforte A, De Luca A, Prins M, Geskus R, van der Helm J, Schuitemaker H, Sannes M, Brubakk O, Kran AM, Rosinska M, Muga R, Tor J, de Olalla PG, Cayla J, del Amo J, Moreno S, Monge S, Del Amo J, del Romero J, Pérez-Hoyos S, Bucher HC, Rickenbach M, Francioli P, Murphy G, Sabin C, Porter K, Johnson A, Phillips A, Babiker A, Pillay D, Morrison C, Salata R, Mugerwa R, Chipato T, Amornkul PN, Gilmour J, Kamali A, Karita E, Costagliola D, Giaquinto C, Malyuta R, Del Amo J, Di Gibb, Grarup J, Universitet K, Kirk O, Universitet K, Ledergerber B, Meyer L, Panteleev A, Phillips A, Porter K, Sabin C, Thorne C, Welch S, Aboulker JP, Albert J, Asandi S, Costagliola D, Monforte Ad, De Wit S, De Wolf F, Del Amo J, Gatell J, Giaquinto C, Hamouda O, Karpov I, Ledergerber B, Lundgren J, Møller C, Phillips A, Porter K, Prins M, Rockstroh J, Rosinska M, Thorne C, Anne AV, Cooper D, Dedes N, Fenton K, Pizzuti D, Vitoria M, Coughlin K, Ellefson M, Universitet K, Faggion S, Frost R, Schwimmer C, Scott M.

Author information

National Institute of Public Health-National Institute of Hygiene, Warsaw, Poland.


To gain insight into HIV transmission we estimated the proportion of those recently infected. We examined data from HIV-positive patients and a random 10% sample of HIV-negative patients tested at Voluntary Counseling and Testing sites in Poland in 2006. Archived samples from positive patients were tested by three assays to differentiate recent from long-standing infection. Using logistic regression, we examined the association of recent infection (at least one assay) with age, sex, HIV exposure category, and the interval between self-reported HIV exposure and previous HIV test. Of 13,511 tests, 154 (1.1%) were HIV positive, representing 19.7% (n=783) of new diagnoses in Poland in 2006. Demographic and behavioral data were linked for 95, of whom 45 (47%) were recently infected and 1,001 were HIV negative. New diagnoses were more likely to be injectors (17% vs. 2%), men who have sex with men (MSM) (37% vs. 12%), and less frequent condom users (7.8% vs. 14% always) compared to HIV negatives. The median number of partners during the past 12 months was one and two among positives and negatives, but was higher among MSM-four and three, respectively. Ever injectors were less likely to be recently infected (adjusted OR=0.15, 95%CI=0.03-0.73). Having two or more sexual partners in the past 12 months was an independent predictor of recent infection (4.01, 1.4-11.49). We found no evidence that age or sex predicted recent infection. These data reinforce health education campaigns for safe sex messages, especially among MSM. They also suggest, albeit based on a subset of new diagnoses, that interventions should not be limited to selected age/sex groups.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center