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Nano Lett. 2013 Feb 13;13(2):829-34. doi: 10.1021/nl304761m. Epub 2013 Jan 27.

Broadband focusing flat mirrors based on plasmonic gradient metasurfaces.

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Institute of Technology and Innovation (ITI), University of Southern Denmark, Niels Bohrs Allé 1, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark.


We demonstrate that metal-insulator-metal configurations, with the top metal layer consisting of a periodic arrangement of differently sized nanobricks, can be designed to function as broadband focusing flat mirrors. Using 50-nm-high gold nanobricks arranged in a 240-nm-period lattice on the top of a 50-nm-thick layer of silicon dioxide deposited on a continuous 100-nm-thick gold film, we realize a 17.3 × 17.3 μm(2) flat mirror that efficiently reflects (experiment: 14-27%; theory: 50-78%) and focuses a linearly polarized (along the direction of nanobrick size variation) incident beam in the plane of its polarization with the focal length, which changes from ~15 to 11 μm when tuning the light wavelength from 750 to 950 nm, respectively. Our approach can easily be extended to realize the radiation focusing in two dimensions as well as other optical functionalities by suitably controlling the phase distribution of reflected light.


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