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Cancer Med. 2012 Oct;1(2):156-64. doi: 10.1002/cam4.31. Epub 2012 Sep 14.

Significance of lymphovascular space invasion in epithelial ovarian cancer.

Author information

1
Division of Gynecologic Oncology, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Los Angeles County Medical Center, University of Southern California Los Angeles, CA, USA. koji.matsuo@gmail.com

Abstract

While the prognostic significance of lymphovascular space invasion (LVSI) is well established in endometrial and cervical cancer, its role in ovarian cancer is not fully understood. First, a training cohort was conducted to explore whether the presence and quantity of LVSI within the ovarian tumor correlated with nodal metastasis and survival (n = 127). Next, the results of the training cohort were applied to a different study population (validation cohort, n = 93). In both cohorts, histopathology slides of epithelial ovarian cancer cases that underwent primary cytoreductive surgery including pelvic and/or aortic lymphadenectomy were examined. In a post hoc analysis, the significance of LVSI was evaluated in apparent stage I cases (n = 53). In the training cohort, the majority of patients had advanced-stage disease (82.7%). LVSI was observed in 79.5% of cases, and nodal metastasis was the strongest variable associated with the presence of LVSI (odds ratio [OR]: 7.99, 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.98-32.1, P = 0.003) in multivariate analysis. The presence of LVSI correlated with a worsened progression-free survival on multivariate analysis (hazard ratio [HR]: 2.06, 95% CI: 1.01-4.24, P = 0.048). The significance of the presence of LVSI was reproduced in the validation cohort (majority, early stage 61.3%). In apparent stage I cases, the presence of LVSI was associated with a high negative predictive value for nodal metastasis (100%, likelihood ratio, P = 0.034) and with worsened progression-free survival (HR: 5.16, 95% CI: 1.00-26.6, P = 0.028). The presence of LVSI is an independent predictive indicator of nodal metastasis and is associated with worse clinical outcome of patients with epithelial ovarian cancer.

KEYWORDS:

Lymph node metastasis; lymphovascular space invasion; ovarian cancer; survival

PMID:
23342265
PMCID:
PMC3544453
DOI:
10.1002/cam4.31
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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