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Eur J Pharmacol. 2013 Feb 15;701(1-3):49-56. doi: 10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.01.002. Epub 2013 Jan 20.

Modulation by 17β-estradiol of anandamide vasorelaxation in normotensive and hypertensive rats: a role for TRPV1 but not fatty acid amide hydrolase.

Author information

1
Division of Biomedical Sciences, St. George's University of London, London SW17 0RE, UK. vho@sgul.ac.uk

Abstract

Recent studies suggest that endocannabinoid signaling is modulated by 17β-estradiol (17Eβ) however it is unclear if this applies to the cardiovascular actions of anandamide, a major endocannabinoid. This study examined the in vitro effects of 17Eβ on vasorelaxation to anandamide in myograph-mounted small mesenteric arteries obtained from Wistar rats and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHRs) of both sexes. Treatment with 1μM 17Eβ but not its enantiomer 17Eα significantly enhanced relaxation to anandamide in male Wistar rats. This effect was independent of a functional endothelium but was blocked by the Transient Receptor Potential Vanilloid type 1 (TRPV1) receptor antagonist SB366791 (2μM) or prolonged treatment with the TRPV1 agonist capsaicin (10μM). A TRPV1-dependent potentiation by 17Eβ was also observed in male SHRs, but not in female Wistar rats or female SHRs. Whilst inhibition of anandamide hydrolysis by 1μM URB597 (an inhibitor of fatty acid amide hydrolase; FAAH) similarly augmented anandamide relaxation in male, but not female, Wistar rats and SHRs, URB597 did not affect the 17Eβ-induced potentiation. Female SHRs displayed a larger maximal relaxation to anandamide; however sex difference was not found in Wistar rats. We conclude that pharmacological levels of 17Eβ potentiate mesenteric relaxation to anandamide through mechanisms dependent on TRPV1 receptors but not FAAH-mediated hydrolysis in male Wistar rats and male SHRs. Sexual dimorphism was observed in the modulatory effects of 17Eβ and URB597, which does not necessarily lead to a greater anandamide response in female rats.

PMID:
23340220
DOI:
10.1016/j.ejphar.2013.01.002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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