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J Dent Res. 2013 Mar;92(3):253-9. doi: 10.1177/0022034512473482. Epub 2013 Jan 22.

Occlusal effects on longitudinal bone alterations of the temporomandibular joint.

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1
Department of Oral Anatomy and Physiology and TMD, School of Stomatology, Fourth Military Medical University, 145 Changlexi Road, Xi'an 710032, China.

Abstract

The pathological changes of subchondral bone during osteoarthritis (OA) development in the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) are poorly understood. In the present study, we investigated the longitudinal alterations of subchondral bone using a rat TMJ-OA model developed in our laboratory. Changes in bone mass were examined by micro-CT, and changes in osteoblast and osteoclast activities were analyzed by real-time PCR, immunohistochemistry, and TRAP staining. Subchondral bone loss was detected from 8 weeks after dental occlusion alteration and reached the maximum at 12 weeks, followed by a repair phase until 32 weeks. Although bone mass increased at late stages, poor mechanical structure and lower bone mineral density (BMD) were found in these rats. The numbers of TRAP-positive cells were increased at 12 weeks, while the numbers of osteocalcin-expressing cells were increased at both 12 and 32 weeks. Levels of mRNA expression of TRAP and cathepsin K were increased at 12 weeks, while levels of ALP and osteocalcin were increased at both 12 and 32 weeks. These findings demonstrated that there is an active bone remodeling in subchondral bone in TMJs in response to alteration in occlusion, although new bone was formed with lower BMD and poor mechanical properties.

PMID:
23340211
DOI:
10.1177/0022034512473482
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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