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Am J Med Genet. 1990 May;36(1):104-8.

DNA linkage analysis and studies of the androgen receptor gene in a large kindred with complete androgen insensitivity.

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Department of Medicine, Cornell University Medical Center, New York, New York 10021.


DNA linkage analysis of the X chromosome and studies with cDNA probes specific for the androgen receptor gene were performed on the largest known kindred with the syndrome of complete androgen insensitivity. The affected subjects (XY) have absent binding of dihydrotestosterone to the androgen receptor (the receptor negative form of androgen insensitivity). In this kindred there was maternal transmission of the gene, with all affected males expressing complete genital feminization. Linkage analysis studies were conducted with two DNA probes, DXS1 and PGK1, localized to the Xq11-Xq13 region of the long arm of the X chromosome near the centromere. The results demonstrate linkage to the markers in the order of DXS1-(AR; PGK1), thus localizing the AR gene to an area between Xq11 and Xq13. Three cDNA probes that span various parts of the androgen receptor gene, including the DNA and steroid binding domain, were used to evaluate the androgen receptor gene in normal individuals, carrier mothers, and affected subjects. Identical restriction fragment patterns were found in all three groups studied. Thus the androgen receptor gene was present in affected subjects without detectable DNA polymorphism at the androgen binding domain. Therefore, despite complete absence of binding to the androgen receptor, the defect in the androgen receptor gene in this kindred is not the result of a gene deletion. The results point to a mutation or a small insertion/deletion as the probable cause of the syndrome.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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