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J Reconstr Microsurg. 2013 May;29(4):263-70. doi: 10.1055/s-0032-1333320. Epub 2013 Jan 21.

Perforator flap from proximal lateral leg for head and neck reconstruction.

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  • 1Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Chang Gung Memorial Hospital, Chia Yi, Taiwan.



Perforator flap transfer has the benefits of minimal donor site morbidity and customization in design. This study reports on the proximal lateral leg perforator (PLLP) flap transfer for head and neck reconstruction.


From January 2000 through December 2009, 18 patients underwent head and neck reconstruction with the PLLP flap, including 16 males and 2 females ranging in age between 32 and 80 years old. The mean follow-up time was 9.8 months.


Mother vessels of PLLP flaps can arise 77.8% (14/18) from the peroneal system, 11.1% (2/18) from the posterior tibial system, or 11.1% (2/18) from the common popliteal system. The skin dimension ranges from 4 cm × 7 cm to 6.5 cm × 18 cm. The mean of the perforator size is 1.96 mm (1.5 mm to 2.3 mm). The mean of the pedicle length is 6.96 cm (4.5 cm to 10 cm). All flaps survived completely except one flap that had partial necrosis.


The PLLP flap for head and neck reconstruction offers versatility in design, diverse tissues for composition, a two-team approach, and negligible donor site morbidity, and it spares major vessels. The unpredictable pedicle length and the feasibility for microvascular anastomosis in the perforator level can be adapted with further experience and refining techniques.

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[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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