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Int J Oncol. 2013 Mar;42(3):1093-104. doi: 10.3892/ijo.2013.1782. Epub 2013 Jan 18.

Prostaglandin E2 promotes liver cancer cell growth by the upregulation of FUSE-binding protein 1 expression.

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1
Cancer Center, Department of Pathology, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing 210029, P.R. China.

Abstract

Liver cancer is a common human cancer with a high mortality rate and currently there is no effective chemoprevention or systematic treatment. Recent evidence suggests that prostaglandin E(2) (PGE(2)) plays an important role in the occurrence and development of liver cancer. However, the mechanisms through which PGE(2) promotes liver cancer cell growth are not yet fully understood. It has been reported that the increased expression of FUSE-binding protein 1 (FBP1) significantly induces the proliferation of liver cancer cells. In this study, we report that PGE(2) promotes liver cancer cell growth by the upregulation of FBP1 protein expression. Treatment with PGE2 and the E prostanoid 3 (EP3) receptor agonist, sulprostone, resulted in the time-dependent increase in FBP1 protein expression; sulprostone increased the viability of the liver cancer cells. The protein kinase A (PKA) inhibitor, H89, and the adenylate cyclase (AC) inhibitor, SQ22536, inhibited the cell viability accelerated by sulprostone. By contrast, the Gi subunit inhibitor, pertussis toxin (PTX), exhibited no significant effect. Treatment with PGE(2) and sulprostone caused a decrease in JTV1 protein expression, blocked the binding of JTV1 with FBP1, which served as a mechanism for FBP1 degradation, leading to the decreased ubiquitination of FBP1 and the increase in FBP1 protein expression. Furthermore, H89 and SQ22536 prevented the above effects of JTV1 and FBP1 induced by PGE(2) and sulprostone. These findings indicate that the EP3 receptor activated by PGE(2) may couple to Gs protein and activate cyclic AMP (cAMP)-PKA, downregulating the levels of JTV1 protein, consequently inhibiting the ubiquitination of FBP1 and increasing FBP1 protein expression, thus promoting liver cancer cell growth. These observations provide new insights into the mechanisms through which PGE(2) promotes cancer cell growth.

PMID:
23338277
DOI:
10.3892/ijo.2013.1782
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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