Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Gac Sanit. 2013 Sep-Oct;27(5):440-6. doi: 10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.11.009. Epub 2013 Jan 20.

Unperceived intimate partner violence and women's health.

Author information

1
Department of Epidemiology, Sub-directorate for Health Promotion & Prevention, Directorate-General for Primary Care, Madrid Regional Health Authority, Madrid, Spain. michela_sonego@hotmail.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

Women who experience intimate partner violence (IPV) often do not perceive themselves as abused. This study sought to estimate the health effects of unperceived IPV (uIPV), taking violence-free women as the reference, and to compare the effects of uIPV with those of perceived IPV (pIPV).

METHOD:

We performed a cross-sectional population study through telephone interviews of 2835 women aged 18 to 70 years living in the region of Madrid and having an ongoing intimate partner relationship or contact with a former partner in the preceding year. Based on 26 questions from the Conflict Tactics Scale-1 and the Enquête Nacional sur les Violences envers les Femmes en France and the question "Do you feel abused by your partner?" a variable was constructed in three categories, namely, the absence of IPV, uIPV and pIPV. Using logistic regression, we analyzed the association between health problems, medication use, health-service utilization and IPV (perceived and unperceived) vis-à-vis the absence of IPV.

RESULTS:

There were 247 cases of uIPV and 96 of pIPV (prevalences of 8.8% and 3.4%, respectively). The multivariate analysis showed that a substantial number of the outcomes explored were associated with uIPV, pIPV, or both. The highest odds ratios (ORs) were obtained for depression (Patient Health Questionnaire-9≥10) (uIPV: OR 3.4, 95% CI 2.4-3.8; and pIPV: 4.1, 95%CI 2.5-6.8). In most problems, the ORs did not significantly differ between the two types of IPV.

CONCLUSIONS:

uIPV is 2.6 times more frequent than pIPV and is associated with at least as many health problems as pIPV.

KEYWORDS:

Encuesta poblacional; Epidemiology; Epidemiología; Intimate partner violence; Population-based survey; Salud de la mujer; Violence against women; Violencia de pareja hacia la mujer; Women's health

PMID:
23337515
DOI:
10.1016/j.gaceta.2012.11.009
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Ediciones Doyma, S.L.
Loading ...
Support Center