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Xenobiotica. 1990 Feb;20(2):193-207.

Human biliary metabolites of isotretinoin: identification, quantification, synthesis, and biological activity.

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Research Division, Hoffmann-La Roche Inc., Nutley, NJ 07110.


1. The metabolites of isotretinoin (13-cis-retinoic acid, Accutane) were investigated in the bile of two patients with biliary T-tube drainage after administration of a single, oral, 80-mg dose of 14C-isotretinoin. Radioactivity measurements showed that the two patients excreted 22.7 and 17.1% of the dose in their bile in 4 days. 2. The two major drug-related components in the bile were identified as the glucuronide conjugates of 4-oxo-isotretinoin and 16-hydroxy-isotretinoin. Two minor components were identified as the glucuronide conjugates of isotretinoin and 18-hydroxy-isotretinoin. 3. H.p.l.c. analyses of Glusulase-treated bile samples indicated that the glucuronides of isotretinoin and the two major metabolites accounted for about 48% and 44% of the total radioactivity in the bile of the two patients. 4. Racemic 16-hydroxy-isotretinoin was synthesized and evaluated for its effect on human sebocytes in vitro. This metabolite and the other major metabolites of isotretinoin were less active than isotretinoin in inhibiting the proliferation of the sebocytes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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