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Endocr Pract. 2013 Mar-Apr;19(2):219-25. doi: 10.4158/EP12207.OR.

Primary hyperparathyroidism is associated with subclinical peripheral neural alterations.

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Divisão de Endocrinologia e Diabetes, Hospital Agamenon Magalhães - SUS, Universidade de Pernambuco, Recife, Brazil.



Some case reports have suggested primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) and peripheral polyneuropathy (PPN) are associated; however, there are no reports of studies examining this possible relationship. The aim of this study was to evaluate peripheral nerve conduction in subjects with PHPT.


The study involved 17 patients with PHPT. Mean patient age was 60.5 ± 12.9 years, serum calcium concentration was 11.5 ± 1.0 mg/dL, and the serum parathyroid hormone (PTH) level was 315 ± 569 pg/dL. The control group comprised 17 individuals without PHPT. The mean age of controls was 60.8 ± 12.5 years and the serum calcium concentration was 9.8 ± 0.3 mg/dL. Motor and sensory nerve conduction was assessed by electroneurography (ENG).


The following ENG parameters differed significantly between the PHPT and control groups: right (R) sural sensory nerve action potential conduction velocity (52.7 ± 6.3 m/s versus 58.0 ± 8.0 m/s; P = .041); R median compound muscle action potential (CMAP) amplitude (7.4 ± 1.6 mV versus 8.9 ± 1.7 mV; P = .002); R median CMAP latency (4.3 ± 1.2 ms versus 3.6 ± 0.6 ms; P = .032); R tibial CMAP latency (4.2 ± 1.1 ms versus 3.3 ± 0.4 ms; P = .001). The neurological examination was normal in all patients.


Our data demonstrate an association between PHPT and peripheral neurological alterations, consistent with subclinical sensory-motor PPN.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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