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Pediatr Neurol. 2013 Feb;48(2):149-51. doi: 10.1016/j.pediatrneurol.2012.10.015.

Infantile ictal apneas in a child with williams-beuren syndrome.

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1
Division of Neurology, Department of Pediatrics, Alberta Children's Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, Alberta, Canada. kmyers@ucalgary.ca

Abstract

Williams-Beuren syndrome is a genetic disorder rarely associated with seizures. The few described cases of Williams-Beuren syndrome and epilepsy have primarily involved infantile spasms and deletions extending beyond the common deletion region for this disorder. We present the case of a 5-week-old child with ictal apneas and typical Williams-Beuren syndrome deletion. Diagnosis was challenging, because the child had cardiac, respiratory, and gastrointestinal abnormalities typically associated with Williams-Beuren syndrome, which are also associated with cyanotic episodes. The results of interictal electroencephalography were normal, illustrating that prolonged electroencephalography is often essential in evaluation of suspected ictal apneas. Seizure freedom was achieved with carbamazepine. Sudden death is seen in Williams-Beuren syndrome, and this case raises the question whether some of these cases may be related to ictal apneas and could potentially be preventable with appropriate pharmaceutical intervention.

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