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ACS Chem Neurosci. 2013 Jan 16;4(1):72-83. doi: 10.1021/cn3002174. Epub 2012 Dec 20.

Rethinking 5-HT1A receptors: emerging modes of inhibitory feedback of relevance to emotion-related behavior.

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Semel Institute for Neuroscience & Human Behavior, Hatos Center for Neuropharmacology, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, California 90095, United States.


The complexities of the involvement of the serotonin transmitter system in numerous biological processes and psychiatric disorders is, to a substantial degree, attributable to the large number of serotonin receptor families and subtypes that have been identified and characterized for over four decades. Of these, the 5-HT(1A) receptor subtype, which was the first to be cloned and characterized, has received considerable attention based on its purported role in the etiology and treatment of mood and anxiety disorders. 5-HT(1A) receptors function both at presynaptic (autoreceptor) and postsynaptic (heteroreceptor) sites. Recent research has implicated distinct roles for these two populations of receptors in mediating emotion-related behavior. New concepts as to how 5-HT(1A) receptors function to control serotonergic tone throughout life were highlights of the proceedings of the 2012 Serotonin Club Meeting in Montpellier, France. Here, we review recent findings and current perspectives on functional aspects of 5-HT(1A) auto- and heteroreceptors with particular regard to their involvement in altered anxiety and mood states.

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