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Surgery. 1990 May;107(5):540-3.

Problematic vascular reconstruction in liver transplantation. Part I. Arterial.

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  • 1Transplantation Services, Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, TX 75246.


Arterial inflow is essential for graft function after liver transplantation. Sometimes the recipient celiac axis is not suitable for anastomosis, and in these cases a conduit from either the aorta or iliac artery is an alternative. We retrospectively reviewed 32 patients who required arterial conduits and compared them with a matched control group who underwent standard arterial reconstruction (donor celiac artery to recipient celiac artery). The indications and surgical technique for arterial conduits are presented. There were no differences in intraoperative vascular flow studies, postoperative liver function, or incidence of rejection in the two groups. There were, however, more deaths in the conduit group, two of which are related to the retropancreatic conduit technique, with the others caused by the patients' underlying condition at transplantation. There was no morbidity or death associated with the antepancreatic conduit techniques. We therefore believe the use of arterial conduits from the aorta or iliac artery, when placed antepancreatically, are safe and should be used without reservation when indicated.

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