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Br J Sports Med. 2014 Jun;48(12):957-65. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2012-091513. Epub 2013 Jan 18.

Evidence for the effectiveness of electrophysical modalities for treatment of medial and lateral epicondylitis: a systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Rehabilitation Medicine and Physical Therapy, Erasmus Medical Center-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands Department of General Practice, Erasmus Medical Center-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.
2
Department of General Practice, Erasmus Medical Center-University Medical Centre Rotterdam, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Several treatments are available to treat epicondylitis. Among these are instrumental electrophysical modalities, ranging from ultrasound, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) to laser therapy, commonly used to treat epicondylitis.

OBJECTIVES:

To present an evidence-based overview of the effectiveness of electrophysical modality treatments for both medial and lateral epicondylitis (LE).

METHODS:

Searches in PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL and Pedro were performed to identify relevant randomised clinical trials (RCTs) and systematic reviews. Two reviewers independently extracted data and assessed the methodological quality. A best-evidence synthesis was used to summarise the results.

RESULTS:

A total of 2 reviews and 20 RCTs were included, all of which concerned LE. Different electrophysical regimes were evaluated: ultrasound, laser, electrotherapy, ESWT, TENS and pulsed electromagnetic field therapy. Moderate evidence was found for the effectiveness of ultrasound versus placebo on mid-term follow-up. Ultrasound plus friction massage showed moderate evidence of effectiveness versus laser therapy on short-term follow-up. On the contrary, moderate evidence was found in favour of laser therapy over plyometric exercises on short-term follow-up. For all other modalities only limited/conflicting evidence for effectiveness or evidence of no difference in effect was found.

CONCLUSIONS:

Potential effectiveness of ultrasound and laser for the management of LE was found. To draw more definite conclusions high-quality RCTs examining different intensities are needed as well as studies focusing on long-term follow-up results.

KEYWORDS:

Elbow injuries; Evidence based reviews; Muscle injury and inflammation; Tendons; Ultrasound

PMID:
23335238
DOI:
10.1136/bjsports-2012-091513
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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