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Wien Med Wochenschr. 2013 Jun;163(11-12):295-302. doi: 10.1007/s10354-012-0172-2. Epub 2013 Jan 19.

[Mid-term, relatively tumor-stable outcome after an initially successful interdisciplinary surgical intervention with locally achieved R0 resection status including a multimodal therapeutic concept of a metastasized leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava].

[Article in German]

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  • 1Universit√§tsklinikum Magdeburg A.√∂.R., Leipziger Str. 44, 39120, Magdeburg, Deutschland.


Progredient tumor-growth does not mean necessarily nihilism since (because of the latest multimodal therapeutic options) it might be possible to convert the malignant disease into a chronic stage depending on tumor entity, specific tumor-associated findings and expertise of the interdisciplinary oncological/oncosurgical team to utilize available and potential therapeutic measures. The aim of this report on an unusual case (with its patient-associated, therapeutic and prognostic aspects) of a leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava with advanced tumor growth (characterized initially by pulmonary and hepatic, later on by additional vertebral metastases) is to illustrate its changeful clinical course after and during multimodal treatment episodes comprising surgical (abdomino-/vascular-/cardio- and neurosurgical-locally, R0 resection status), radiological and chemotherapeutic measures. A relatively stable disease over a specific time period of 5 years and 6 months was achieved. The 54-year old female patient with metastasized leiomyosarcoma of the inferior vena cava underwent local tumor resection en bloc with inferior vena cava segmental resection (following vascular surgical interposition of a prosthesis) and hemihepatectomy as well as resection of hepatic segment I. After recovery, a multistep and -modal treatment was initiated comprising of various protocols of systemic chemotherapy, thermoablation of recurrent hepatic metastases, various brachytherapy procedures (for hepatic and pulmonary metastases) and resection of a cerebral metastasis by a neurosurgeon including subsequent radiation.


The patient demonstrates impressively that even in case of advanced tumor stage with initial, novel and recurrent metastases, a relatively stable disease over an intermediate time period (of more than 5 years) with an acceptable quality of life was achieved despite several complications.

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