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Gene. 2013 Apr 15;518(2):351-9. doi: 10.1016/j.gene.2012.12.103. Epub 2013 Jan 17.

MicroRNA-195 and microRNA-378 mediate tumor growth suppression by epigenetical regulation in gastric cancer.

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Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, and Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Pathophysiology, Ningbo University School of Medicine, Ningbo, 315211, China.


The epigenetic regulation of microRNAs is one of several mechanisms underlying carcinogenesis. We found that microRNA-195 (miR-195) and microRNA-378 (miR-378) were significantly down-regulated in gastric cancer tissues and gastric cancer cell lines. The expression of miR-195 and miR-378 in gastric cancer cells was significantly restored by 5-aza-dC, a demethylation reagent. The low expression of miR-195 and miR-378 was closely related to the presence of promoter CpG island methylation. Treatment with miR-195/miR-378 mimics strikingly suppressed the growth of gastric cancer cells whereas promoted the growth of normal gastric epithelial cells. In contrast, administration of miR-195/miR-378 inhibitors significantly prevented the growth of normal gastric epithelial cells. Expression of cyclin-dependent kinase 6 and vascular endothelial growth factor was down-regulated by exogenous miR-195 and miR-378, respectively. In conclusion, miR-195 and miR-378 are abnormally expressed and epigenetically regulated in gastric cancer cell lines and tissues via the suppression of CDK6 and VEGF signaling, suggesting that miR-195 and miR-378 have tumor suppressor properties in gastric cancer.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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