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Cancer Sci. 2013 Apr;104(4):416-22. doi: 10.1111/cas.12108. Epub 2013 Mar 3.

Positive feedback loop and synergistic effects between hypoxia-inducible factor-2α and stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 promote tumorigenesis in clear cell renal cell carcinoma.

Author information

1
Department of Urology, Renji Hospital, School of Medicine, Shanghai Jiaotong University, Shanghai, China.

Abstract

Adapting to hypoxic stress is pivotal in tumor progression and determining tumor malignancy. The transcriptional factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF) is crucial in modulating tumorous hypoxic responses through altering cell energy metabolism, which includes the modification of glucose and lipid metabolism-associated gene expression. Stearoyl-CoA desaturase-1 (SCD1) is the main isoform of SCDs, the rate-limiting enzymes in the biosynthesis of monounsaturated fatty acids from saturated fatty acids, which is extensively activated in cancer progression. In this study, we found that SCD1 and HIF-2α were overexpressed in human clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) tissues and ccRCC cell lines, and were upregulated in the 786-0 ccRCC cell line under hypoxia. Knockdown of SCD1 or HIF-2α impacted the other's expression. Enhancing SCD1 resulted in HIF-2α upregulation, which could be blocked by inhibiting the PI3K/Akt pathway. Deficiency of SCD1 or HIF-2α in 768-0 cells led to apoptosis, less colony formation ability, and decreased cell migration. More obvious effects were observed in 786-0 cells with double SCD1 and HIF-2α knockdown. These results indicate a PI3K/Akt-mediated loop between SCD1 and HIF-2α that mutually enhances their protein levels. Both SCD1 and HIF-2α are critical to promoting tumorigenesis by synergistically acting on maintaining cell survival, triggering cell migration, and enhancing the colony formation ability of cancer cells.

PMID:
23331615
DOI:
10.1111/cas.12108
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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