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Radiology. 2013 Apr;267(1):173-82. doi: 10.1148/radiol.12121021. Epub 2013 Jan 17.

Orthotopic pleural mesothelioma in mice: SPECT/CT and MR imaging with HER1- and HER2-targeted radiolabeled antibodies.

Author information

1
Radioimmune & Inorganic Chemistry Section, Radiation Oncology Branch, and Molecular Imaging Program, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, 10 Center Dr, MSC 1182, Building 10, Room B3B69F, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA. tapann@gmail.com

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To evaluate the potential of anti-human epidermal growth factor receptor (HER)1- and anti-HER2-targeted radiolabeled antibodies and magnetic resonance (MR) imaging for imaging of orthotopic malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM) in mouse models.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Animal studies with 165 mice were performed in accordance with National Institutes of Health guidelines for the humane use of animals, and all procedures were approved by the institutional Animal Care and Use Committee. Flow cytometry studies were performed to evaluate HER1 and HER2 expression in NCI-H226 and MSTO-211H mesothelioma cells. Biodistribution and single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) imaging studies were performed in mice (four or five per group, depending on tumor growth) bearing subcutaneous and orthotopic MPM tumors by using HER1- and HER2-targeted indium 111 ((111)In)- and iodine 125 ((125)I)-labeled panitumumab and trastuzumab, respectively. Longitudinal MR imaging over 5 weeks was performed in three mice bearing orthotopic tumors to monitor tumor growth and metastases. SPECT/CT/MR imaging studies were performed at the final time point in the orthotopic models (n = 3). The standard unpaired Student t test was used to compare groups.

RESULTS:

Orthotopic tumors and pleural effusions were clearly visualized at MR imaging 3 weeks after tumor cell inoculation. At 2 days after injection, the mean (111)In-panitumumab uptake of 29.6% injected dose (ID) per gram ± 2.2 (standard error of the mean) was significantly greater than the (111)In-trastuzumab uptake of 13.6% ID/g ± 1.0 and the (125)I-panitumumab uptake of 7.4% ID/g ± 1.2 (P = .0006 and P = .0001, respectively). MR imaging fusion with SPECT/CT provided more accurate information about (111)In-panitumumab localization in the tumor, as the tumor was poorly visualized at CT alone.

CONCLUSION:

This study demonstrates the utility of radiolabeled anti-HER1 antibodies in the imaging of MPM in preclinical models.

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL:

http://radiology.rsna.org/lookup/suppl/doi:10.1148/radiol.12121021/-/DC1.

PMID:
23329660
PMCID:
PMC3606545
DOI:
10.1148/radiol.12121021
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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