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Methods Mol Biol. 2013;949:3-23. doi: 10.1007/978-1-62703-134-9_1.

Present technology and future trends in point-of-care microfluidic diagnostics.

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1
Department of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA. lawrence.kulinsky@uci.edu

Abstract

This work reviews present technologies and developing trends in Point-of-Care (POC) microfluidic diagnostics platforms. First, various fluidics technologies such as pressure-driven flows, capillary flows, electromagnetically driven flows, centrifugal fluidics, acoustically driven flows, and droplet fluidics are categorized. Then three broad categories of POC microfluidic testing devices are considered: lateral flow devices, desktop and handheld POC diagnostic platforms, and emergent molecular diagnostic POC systems. Such evolving trends as miniaturization, multiplexing, networking, new more sensitive detection schemes, and the importance of sample processing are discussed. It is concluded that POC microfluidic diagnostics has a potential to improve patient treatment outcome and bring substantial savings in overall healthcare costs.

PMID:
23329432
DOI:
10.1007/978-1-62703-134-9_1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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