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J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2013 Apr;139(4):703-8. doi: 10.1007/s00432-013-1373-9. Epub 2013 Jan 18.

A randomized controlled study of single-agent cisplatin and radiotherapy versus docetaxel/cisplatin and radiotherapy in high-risk early-stage cervical cancer after radical surgery.

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1
Department of Radiation Oncology, Lianshui County People's Hospital, Huai'an 223300, Jiangsu, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

This study explored whether docetaxel/cisplatin and radiotherapy (TP-R) increases overall survival (OS) and recurrence-free survival (RFS) compared to single-agent cisplatin and radiotherapy (C-R) in patients with high-risk early-stage cervical cancer post surgery.

METHODS:

Patients with clinical stage IB and IIA carcinoma of the cervix, initially treated with radical hysterectomy and pelvic lymphadenectomy, and who had positive pelvic lymph nodes and/or positive margins and/or the diameter of the primary tumor ≥4 cm and/or depth of interstitial infiltration ≥1/2 and/or lymphovascular space invasion were eligible for this study. Patients were randomized to receive C-R or TP-R. Radiotherapy in both groups was external radiation (46-54 Gy) followed by high-dose rate brachytherapy (12-24 Gy). Patients were given cisplatin (40 mg/m(2)) every week for five cycles (C-R group) or docetaxel (30 mg/m(2)) and cisplatin (30 mg/m(2)) every week for five cycles (TP-R group).

RESULTS:

Between 2003 and 2008, 320 patients were entered onto the study. Final analyses included 285 patients. One hundred and forty patients comprised the C-R group and 145 were in the TP-R group. The 5-year OS were 74.3 % in the C-R group and 82.8 % in the TP-R group. The hazard ratio (HR) for death was 0.65 in the TP-R group (95 % CI: 0.39-1.09, P = 0.098). The RFS were 69.3 % in the C-R group and 79.3 % in the TP-R group, and the HR for recurrence was 0.64 in the TP-R group (95 % CI: 0.40-1.03, P = 0.061). Recurrence rates were similar in both groups (27 in the C-R group and 18 in the TP-R group, P = 0.112). The seriousness of late side effects was similar in the two groups, with a higher rate of reversible hematological effects in the TP-R group.

CONCLUSIONS:

Compared with single-agent cisplatin and radiotherapy, docetaxel/cisplatin in combination with radiotherapy does not increase OS but has the trend of increasing RFS in patients with high-risk early-stage cervical cancer. However, docetaxel/cisplatin in combination with radiotherapy is associated with a higher incidence of side effects, this effect was reversible, and the incidence of late side effects was similar in the two treatment groups.

PMID:
23328996
DOI:
10.1007/s00432-013-1373-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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