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PLoS One. 2013;8(1):e53466. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0053466. Epub 2013 Jan 9.

Multidrug and extensively drug-resistant tuberculosis in Canada 1997-2008: demographic and disease characteristics.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Abstract

SETTING:

Nationwide Canadian public health surveillance.

OBJECTIVE:

Description of demographic features and disease characteristics of drug-resistant tuberculosis (TB) in Canada over a 12 year period.

DESIGN:

Continuous surveillance of all cases of culture-confirmed TB in Canada. Demographic and microbiologic features were analyzed and comparisons between drug-susceptible, multidrug-resistant (MDR), and drug-resistant not-MDR were made. Cases of extensively drug resistant TB are described.

RESULTS:

15,993 cases of culture-confirmed TB were reported during the study period. There were 5 cases of XDR-TB, 177 cases of MDR-TB, and 1,234 cases of first-line drug resistance not-MDR. The majority of drug-resistant cases were reported in foreign-born individuals, with drug-resistant cases diagnosed earlier post-arrival in Canada compared to drug-susceptible cases. In MDR-TB isolates, there was a high rate of drug-resistance to other first- and second-line drugs, making reliable empiric therapeutic recommendations for MDR-TB difficult. There was a statistically significant association between both MDR and drug-resistance not-MDR, and the risk of a negative treatment outcome (defined as treatment failure, absconded, or treatment ongoing >3 yrs).

CONCLUSION:

Drug-resistance complicates TB management even in developed nations with well-established TB control programs. The predominantly international origin of drug-resistant cases highlights the need for global strategies to combat TB.

PMID:
23326436
PMCID:
PMC3541271
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0053466
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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