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Indian J Pharm Sci. 2012 Mar;74(2):141-51. doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.103846.

Ligand-based Pharmacophore Modeling; Atom-based 3D-QSAR Analysis and Molecular Docking Studies of Phosphoinositide-Dependent Kinase-1 Inhibitors.

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Department of Bioinformatics, Science Block, Alagappa University, Karaikudi-630 004, India.


Phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 plays a vital role in the PI3-kinase signaling pathway that regulates gene expression, cell cycle growth and proliferation. The common human cancers include lung, breast, blood and prostate possess over stimulation of the phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 signaling and making phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 an interesting therapeutic target in oncology. A ligand-based pharmacophore and atom-based 3D-QSAR studies were carried out on a set of 82 inhibitors of PDK1. A six point pharmacophore with two hydrogen bond acceptors (A), three hydrogen bond donors (D) and one hydrophobic group (H) was obtained. The pharmacophore hypothesis yielded a 3D-QSAR model with good partial least square statistics results. The training set correlation is characterized by partial least square factors (R(2) = 0.9557, SD = 0.2334, F = 215.5, P = 1.407e-32). The test set correlation is characterized by partial least square factors (Q(2) ext = 0.7510, RMSE = 0.5225, Pearson-R =0.8676). The external validation indicated that our QSAR model possess high predictive power with good value of 0.99 and value of 0.88. The docking results show the binding orientations of these inhibitors at active site amino acid residues (Ala162, Thr222, Glu209 and Glu166) of phosphoinositide-dependent kinase-1 protein. The binding free energy interactions of protein-ligand complex have been calculated, which plays an important role in molecular recognition and drug design approach.


3D-QSAR; External validation; PDK1; PHASE; molecular docking and prime MM-GBSA

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