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Hypertens Res. 2013 May;36(5):457-62. doi: 10.1038/hr.2012.206. Epub 2013 Jan 17.

Evaluation of a rapid and simple placental growth factor test in hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

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1
First Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary.

Abstract

The aim of this study was to investigate the diagnostic accuracy of the Triage placental growth factor (PlGF) assay, together with its prognostic efficiency in determining the need for preterm delivery in all forms of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy. A total of 130 pregnant women with a diagnosis of preeclampsia (PE: 23), HELLP syndrome (20), superimposed preeclampsia (SIPE: 17), chronic hypertension (CHT: 25), gestational hypertension (GHT: 18) and 27 normotensive pregnant controls were enrolled in this case-control study. A single blood sample was taken between 22 and 34 weeks of gestation, and the plasma was analyzed for PlGF using the Alere Triage PlGF assay. The PlGF levels found in all hypertensive disorder groups differed significantly from those observed in controls. There was a highly significant difference in PlGF concentrations between women with a pregnancy duration <35 weeks and controls. Using a gestational age-dependent threshold of 5% of normal, a positive PlGF test predicted delivery before 35 weeks in 93.7% of hypertensive women and delivery before 37 weeks in 90.5% of hypertensive women. A positive PlGF test identified the following proportions of hypertensive patients: 95.7% (PE), 95.0% (HELLP syndrome), 82.4% (SIPE), 60.0% (CHT) and 44.4% (GHT). A positive PlGF test was associated with a significantly shorter duration of pregnancy (hazard ratio of 3.43 adjusted for the gestational age at the time of sample collection and hypertension with proteinuria). In conclusion, PlGF concentrations are significantly lower in all hypertensive disorders. A positive test using the Triage PlGF assay at 22-34 weeks of gestation predicts delivery before 37 weeks in women with both proteinuric and non-proteinuric hypertensive disorders of pregnancy.

PMID:
23324863
DOI:
10.1038/hr.2012.206
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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