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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2013 Mar;39(3):386-92. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2012.09.027. Epub 2013 Jan 11.

Patient age, refractive index of the corneal stroma, and outcomes of uneventful laser in situ keratomileusis.

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1
Vissum Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the influence of age and the corneal stromal refractive index on the difference between the predicted and actual postoperative refractive error after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) and whether the precision of outcomes could be improved by considering age and the refractive index.

SETTING:

Vissum Instituto Oftalmologico de Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

DESIGN:

Case series.

METHODS:

Flaps were created using a mechanical microkeratome. The stromal refractive index was measured using a VCH-1 refractometer after flap lifting. Refractive data were obtained 1, 3, and 6 months postoperatively.

RESULTS:

Uneventful LASIK was performed in 133 eyes. The mean age, refractive index, and applied corrections were 33.4 years ± 9.49 (SD), 1.368 ± 0.006, and -2.43 ± 3.36 diopters (D), respectively. The difference between the predicted and actual postoperative refractive error = 2.315-0.021 age-1.106 refractive index (F = 3.647, r = 0.254, P=.029; n = 109) at 1 month and = 11.820-0.023 age-7.976 refractive index (F = 3.392, r = 0.261, P=.022, n = 106) at 3 months. A correlation between the actual and calculated postoperative refraction improved from r = -0.178 (P=.064; n = 75) to r = -0.418 (P<.001) after considering the true refractive index 6 months postoperatively.

CONCLUSIONS:

The predicted outcomes of LASIK can be improved by inputting the refractive index of the individual corneal stroma. Unexpected outcomes (>0.50 D) of LASIK could be avoided by considering patient age and the refractive index and by adjusting the applied correction accordingly.

PMID:
23317777
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2012.09.027
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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