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Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2012;13(11):5887-95.

Essential oil of Tridax procumbens L induces apoptosis and suppresses angiogenesis and lung metastasis of the B16F-10 cell line in C57BL/6 mice.

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1
Department of Biotechnology, Karunya University, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

To determine the effect of essential oil obtained from a traditionally used medicinal plant Tridax procumbens L, on lung metastasis developed by B16F-10 melanoma cells in C57BL/6 mice.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

Parameters studied were toxicity, lung tumor nodule count, histopathological features, tumor directed capillary vessel formation, apoptosis and expression levels of P53 and caspase-3 proteins.

RESULTS:

In vitro the MTT assay showed cytotoxicity was found to be high as 70.2% of cancer cell death within 24 hrs for 50 μg. In vivo oil treatment significantly inhibited tumor nodule formation by 71.7% when compared with untreated mice. Formation of tumor directed new blood vessels was also found to be inhibited to about 39.5%. TUNEL assays also demonstrated a significant increase in the number of apoptotic positive cells after the treatment. P53 and caspase-3 expression was also found to be greater in the essential oil treated group than the normal and cancer group.

CONCLUSIONS:

The present investigation showed significant effects of the essential oil of Tridax procumbens L in preventing lung metastasis by B16F-10 cell line in C57BL/6 mice. Its specific preventive effect on tumor directed angiogenesis and inducing effect on apoptosis warrant further studies at the molecular level to validate the significance of Tridax procumbens L for anticancer therapy.

PMID:
23317275
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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