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J Phys Chem A. 2013 Feb 7;117(5):821-35. doi: 10.1021/jp311928w. Epub 2013 Jan 29.

HO + CO reaction rates and H/D kinetic isotope effects: master equation models with ab initio SCTST rate constants.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, New York 11973, United States.

Abstract

Ab initio microcanonical rate constants were computed using Semi-Classical Transition State Theory (SCTST) and used in two master equation formulations (1D, depending on active energy with centrifugal corrections, and 2D, depending on total energy and angular momentum) to compute temperature-dependent rate constants for the title reactions using a potential energy surface obtained by sophisticated ab initio calculations. The 2D master equation was used at the P = 0 and P = ∞ limits, while the 1D master equation with centrifugal corrections and an empirical energy transfer parameter could be used over the entire pressure range. Rate constants were computed for 75 K ≤ T ≤ 2500 K and 0 ≤ [He] ≤ 10(23) cm(-3). For all temperatures and pressures important for combustion and for the terrestrial atmosphere, the agreement with the experimental rate constants is very good, but at very high pressures and T ≤ 200 K, the theoretical rate constants are significantly smaller than the experimental values. This effect is possibly due to the presence in the experiments of dimers and prereactive complexes, which were not included in the model calculations. The computed H/D kinetic isotope effects are in acceptable agreement with experimental data, which show considerable scatter. Overall, the agreement between experimental and theoretical H/D kinetic isotope effects is much better than in previous work, and an assumption of non-RRKM behavior does not appear to be needed to reproduce experimental observations.

PMID:
23317151
DOI:
10.1021/jp311928w
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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