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Exp Diabetes Res. 2012;2012:917496. doi: 10.1155/2012/917496. Epub 2012 Dec 17.

Associations of common variants at APLN and hypertension in Chinese subjects with and without diabetes.

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Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shanghai Jiao Tong University Affiliated Sixth People's Hospital, Shanghai Diabetes Institute, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Diabetes Mellitus, Shanghai Clinical Center for Diabetes, 600 Yishan Road Shanghai, 200233, China.



Apelin, the endogenous ligand for the APJ receptor, has a potent hypotensive effect via a nitric oxide-dependent mechanism in vivo. The aim of the study was to investigate the association between the common variants of apelin gene (APLN) and hypertension, which was reported recently in a Chinese Han population with and without diabetes.


Three single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) on APLN were genotyped in 3156 diabetic patients and 3736 nondiabetic individuals. For non-diabetic subjects, 1779 were enrolled in stage 1 and 1757 were recruited for validation. A meta-analysis combining the two stages was carried out to obtain the overall effect.


In diabetic patients, no significant associations of the three SNPs with hypertension were observed. In contrast, we found that rs2235306 was associated with hypertension in non-diabetic males after adjusting for covariates (OR = 1.19, P = 0.039) while rs2235307 and rs3115759 displayed no evidence of association in both genders. One haplotype, C-C-A, also showed an association with hypertension (OR = 1.47, P = 0.032) only in men. However, analysis in stage 2 and meta-analysis did not support these findings.


We conclude that common variants on APLN are not associated with the prevalence of hypertension in the Chinese.

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